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November 22, 2017  |  Login

Amur Tiger
Panthera tigris altaica

What Are They Like?

The Amur tiger, also known as the Siberian tiger, is the largest of the tiger subspecies. Adult males can grow up to about 10 feet (3 meters) long, measured head to tail, and can weigh up to 660 pounds (300 kilograms). The Amur tiger’s fur is reddish-orange and its coat is marked with several black narrow stripes; the tiger’s underside is white. Considered a fierce predator, this tiger’s speed, strength and agility allow it to easily catch and take down prey, including other large predators such as black bears.

Where Do They Live?

Amur tigers are mainly found in Southeastern Russia, but some are known to exist in China and North Korea. Their primary habitat is the birch forests of Russia.

 
Did You Know?
The Amur tiger has long, fine fur and a layer of fat that helps it keep warm in extremely cold climates.

How Are Babies Made?

Females reproduce year-round, and will typically give birth to two to four cubs at a time. The gestation period for an Amur tiger is about 103 days. Cubs learn to hunt at 18 months and will stay with the mother for two to three years, until they venture out to find their own territories.


What Do They Eat?

The Amur tiger's diet consists mainly of wild boar and deer; when prey is scarce, they will eat whatever is available. When food is plentiful, they can put down as much as 60 pounds (27 kilograms) of meat in a single night

 

What Do They Do?

Amur tigers live alone and are extremely protective of their territories. They are nocturnal hunters, and will often cover great distances in search of prey. Amur Tigers use their striped coats as camouflage, and hunt by crouching down and patiently waiting for prey to approach before pouncing.

How Concerned Should We Be?

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which keeps a "Red List" of species in danger worldwide, lists the Amur tiger as "endangered." The biggest and most immediate threat to Amur Tigers is poaching. An increased demand for tiger parts used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has created a very precarious situation for the survival of the Amur Tiger. Habitat loss caused by deforestation and the encroachment of man into its territory also pose a serious threat.


What's Being Done?

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is working closely with other non-governmental agencies and Russian authorities to establish a system of protected areas for the Tigers, and is funding anti-poaching patrols in the Russian Far East.

 

Siberian (Amur) Tiger. The Undisputed King of Taiga

 
 
 
 
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