Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey
Rhinopithecus roxellana

What Are They Like?

The golden snub-nosed monkey is known for its ability to endure harsh winter climates. Its thick coat and bushy tail provide the necessary insulation to withstand temperatures as low as 17.1°F (-8.3°C). They have broad, pale blue faces with wide set eyes and a distinctive flattened nose. Their fur is long and golden-red or golden-brown in color. Adults measure 21.5 - 28 inches (54 - 71 centimeters) in length and weigh about 28 - 46 pounds (12.5 - 21 kilograms).

Where Do They Live?

Golden snub-nosed monkeys are only found in the mountainous temperate forests of central China.

 
Did You Know?
These monkeys are both terrestrial and arboreal, which means they spend their time on the ground and in trees.

How Are Babies Made?

These monkeys participate in a polygynous mating system in which the dominant adult male can mate with all of the adult females in his group. Mating is almost always instigated by the female and, after a gestation period of approximately six months, a mother usually gives birth to a single offspring.

What Do They Eat?

Golden snub-nosed monkeys are herbivores and eat leaves, fruits, seeds, and lichens.

 
Did You Know?
Over the past 40 years, the population of golden snub-nosed monkeys has decreased by 50%.

What Do They Do?

Highly social, they live in family groups that consist of a single male and numerous females. During the summer, groups will band together to form larger troops of up to 200 individuals. During the winter, the troop size is significantly smaller, usually consisting of 20-30 individuals.

How Concerned Should We Be?

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which keeps a "Red List" of species in danger worldwide, lists the golden snub-nosed monkey as "endangered." Over the past 40 years, the population has decreased by 50%. Their biggest threat is loss of habitat. Deforestation due to agricultural expansion has been directly responsible for the decline in population. Illegal hunting also posed a substantial threat, but has diminished due to increased government protection. Tourism also poses a negative impact, due to the herding of troops into tourist viewing areas.

What's Being Done?

Protected areas for the golden snub-nosed monkey have been established in the Baihe Nature Reserve, Foping Nature Reserve, Shennongjia Nature Reserve and Wanglang Nature Reserve. This species is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and in the Chinese Wildlife Protection Act.

 

The Golden Snub-Nosed Monkey

Popular Animals

Have a great animal video we should know about? Want to contribute content to Jeff Corwin Connect Email us here